The 45th Anniversary of Title IX: Gender, Race & LGBT Inclusion of Head Coaches of Women’s Teams


The special report, produced for the 45th anniversary of Title IX, is a partnership between LGBT SportSafe, The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport (TIDES) at the University of Central Florida, and the Tucker Center for Research on Girls & Women in Sport at the University of Minnesota.

Race and gender data for head coaches of women’s teams was collected for eight select NCAA Division I conferences including: American Athletic Conference (AAC), Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), Big 12, Big East, Big Ten, the Ivy League, Pacific-12 (Pac-12), and Southeastern Conference (SEC). The eight conferences selected for this study were chosen to include the “Power 5” (ACC, Big 12, Big Ten, Pac-12, SEC). The AAC was included because of its potential to be a viable addition to the “Power 5” to create a “Power 6.” Finally, the Big East and the Ivy League, which both have female commissioners, were included to examine whether or not having a woman as a commissioner influenced inclusion efforts. Appendix A summarizes the distribution of schools by conference for 2016-17. Conferences were assigned a grade for race and a separate grade for gender, and recognition was included for LGBT inclusion practices at the institutional and conference level.

This report shows that equity in these eight conferences is far from being achieved regarding the hiring of women and people of color as head coaches of women’s team. In both race and gender, looking only at the Power 5 conferences, the percentage of coaches of color was just under 12 percent while it was 40.8 percent for women. Thus, the Power 5 was consistent with the eight conferences for race but had a lower percentage of head coaches of women’s teams. Efforts for race, gender and LGBT inclusion across conferences and institutions vary greatly (see Table 9 in Full Report). Based on the data in the report, the gender of conference commissioner does not appear to influence inclusion efforts across these three metrics. Additional data is needed to make definitive and statistically significant conclusions on this hypothesis.

Read the full report

For more information, contact:

Richard Lapchick, 407-823-4886

Nicole LaVoi, 612-626-6055,

Nevin Caple, 917-445-2014,

Todd Currie, 561-284-0921,

Destini Orr, 804-704-0195,